Jean Thiriart en - Nation Europa und Geopolitik

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Jean Thiriart en

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Jean-Francois Thiriart was a theorist of geopolitics, which called for the creation of a Greater Europe, initially within the limits of Brest to Bucharest, and later in the limits from Reykjavik to Vladivostok in eastern Siberia.

He was born in 1922 in Liege in Belgium, in his youth he fought in groups of the extreme left and "Amis du Grand Empire Allemand" which advocated the unification of Europe. After the Second World War he was three years in prison for collaborating with Germany. Thereafter he devoted himself to his profession as an optician. In the 60s he joined, in connection with the decolonization of the Congo, the "Mouvement d'Action Civique" which fought for the whereabouts of Europeans in Africa and had relations with the French OAS in Algeria. In 1962, being a representative of the MAC, he took part in a meeting in Venice where, besides the Belgians, also appeared representatives of right-wing parties of Italy, Germany and Great Britain (Oswald Mosley). These had the intention to establish a national-European party that would be directed against the United States. But the party never came into existence. In 1963 Thiriart transformed the MAC in "Jeune Europe", a European transnational movement under the sign of the Celtic Cross. In 1964 he published his masterpiece "Un Empire de quatre cents millones d'hommes, l'Europe" and 1965 it was followed by "la Grande Nation". He had contacts with China, Yugoslavia, Romania, Iraq, Egypt and the Palestinian resistance. In 1969 "Jeune Europe" dissolved and Thiriart went back to his profession. In the 70s, when the United States approached China, Jean Thiriart suggested a European-Soviet alliance against the axis China-USA, with the aim of creating a Greater Europe from Reykjavik to Vladivostok. From 1981, he wrote again on Europe, in 1991, he supported the establishment of the European Liberation Front, the reason for which he traveled to Moscow. In 1992, he died of a heart attack.

In his books "Un Empire de quatre cents millones d'hommes, l'Europe" and "la Grande Nation", he fought first and foremost for the creation of a united Europe from Brest to Bucharest because without such a union there would be no independence. To create such a Europe, he aspired to develop a European nationalism, which would result from the equality of the desired common destiny, not from the equality of birth, race. Those who should implement this unification should be members of the national-European movement, a centralized and hierarchical party in accordance with the Leninist model. This movement would serve as a model for the future European state. The Europe that Thiriart wanted was a unitarian, not a Europe of nations or a federal Europe so that there wouldn‘t be no longer a danger of secession. In order to guarantee its independence and the global balance, the Nation Europe would have to be armed, also with its own nuclear weapons. As the books were written in the mid-60s, the occupation of Europe during the Cold War by the Soviet Union and the United States is a major issue. Thiriart called for the struggle against the occupation in accordance with the example of the riots of East Berlin in 1953 and Budapest in 1956. And he also advocated the unification of Eastern and Western Europe. As for NATO, it is a force of occupation that would have to be thrown out. The political system of Europe would be a direct democracy, a hierarchical and non-parliamentary one. In the economic sphere Thiriart wanted to build a kind of socialism, which he called communitarism and which included three main elements: First, no exploitation of labor, but free enterprise with competition and selection, secondly, no interference of the economy in the policy and, thirdly, no collaboration with foreign interests. To implement the last two aspects , he foresaw the nationalization of the largest and most important industries. The condition for the construction of such communitarism is the independence of Europe, for which self-sufficiency and power in European scale are necessary. After all, the Europe that he wanted, was no Europe of chatterers, banquets and lawyers, as they couldn‘t cause neither enthusiasm nor patriotism in the masses, but a Europe of fighters and revolutionaries.
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